Congo, republic of the transnational issues 2020, cia. Reconsider travel to the democratic republic of the congo drc due to crime, civil unrest, and ebola. The world bank is helping to fight poverty and improve living standards for the people of the democratic republic of congo, through education, energy, health and other social services. Get updates on rights issues from around the globe. Presidents emergency plan for aids relief pepfar, cdc works with the democratic republic of the congo drc to build a sustainable, highimpact national hiv response program to accelerate progress towards the unaids global targets to control the hiv epidemic. Deforestation in the democratic republic of the congo. Describe the problems that the democratic republic of the. Democratic republic of the congo environment current issues.
The democratic republic of congodrc has one of the highest. The democratic republic of the congo drc is a source and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically conditions of forced labor and forced prostitution. In 2008, at the request of the government of the democratic republic of congo dr congo, the united nations environment programme unep established a country programme and a project office in the capital, kinshasa. These plans have put forest management in the hands of local communitieswhich has been shown to be among the most. The democratic republic of congo formerly zaire has a long history of conflict, but its recent crises can be traced to the aftermath of the 1994 rwandan genocide. Because of unrest and economic instability, the democratic republic of the congo has mostly escaped the industrialscale deforestation that has taken. From left to right, the sangha, likoualaauxherbes, ubangi, and congo rivers are shown in this satellite photo. The decolonization of subsaharan africa from the late 1950s to the mid1970s resulted in several proxy cold war confrontations between the united states and the soviet union over the dozens of newly independent, nonaligned nations. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of congo, republic of the transnational issues 2020 information contained here.
The recent history of the democratic republic of congo dr congo has been one of civil war and corruption. Jeanpierre bemba for crimes committed in neighboring central african republic. Crime in the democratic republic of the congo wikipedia. Other diseases include trypanosomiasis sleeping sickness, yellow fever, leprosy, yaws, and hivaids.
Then the armed forces mutinied, and separatist movements and intertribal conflict threatened to split the country. Conflict in the democratic republic of congo drc threatens the. Conflict in the democratic republic of congo drc threatens the lives of millions of. Rape, murder, torture and other human rights abuses followed the scramble to exploit congos wealth after war exploded in 1998. Measles kills 6,000 in democratic republic of congo, the. Because of its geographic isolation, the cuvette region in the northern part of the republic of the congo relies on rivers for transportation. Democratic republic of congo throughout 2018, government officials and security forces carried out widespread repression and serious human rights violations against political opposition leaders and. Facts and statistics about the environment current issues of democratic republic of the congo. Violence in the democratic republic of congo global conflict.
The drc contains half of africas tropical forest and the second largest continuous tropical forest in the world. Democratic republic of congo or dr congo for short, is a central african country bordering the central african republic and the republic of south sudan to the north, the republics of uganda, burundi, tanzania and rwanda to the east, the republics of zambia and angola to the south, the republic of the congo congobrazzaville and the atlantic ocean to the west with about 37km of coastline. The water, electricity, and urban development project peedu, which aims to improve access to water and electricity in the two largest cities in the republic of congo, achieved the following. The majority of this trafficking is internal, and much of it is perpetrated by armed groups and government forces outside government. The democratic republic of the congo, the setting for joseph conrads heart of darkness, was called africas most unstable country in 1993. Congo is bounded to the northwest by cameroon, to the north by the central african republic, to the east and south by the democratic republic of the congo, to the southwest by the angolan exclave of cabinda, and to the west by gabon. It has been the worlds deadliest conflict since world war ii. But to truly understand how drc has gotten to this point, you have to understand something of its history. The precious metals mined in the congo are necessary for a lot of technology taken for granted in the west.
Hiv is a leading cause of death and a health threat to millions worldwide. Violence in the democratic republic of congo global. Five challenges facing the drc ebola is just one of. The democratic republic of the congo drc, the secondlargest country in africa, has been mired in conflict for decades. Republic of the congo relations are positive and cooperative. That which is known, that which is out in the open, does not cause pain, nor does it bring torment to anybody. Since the war that took place in august of 1998, the drc has encountered many internal problems over the recent decade.
Usaid helps governments and communities plan how the forests and land will be used so that they are conserved for future generations, while at the same time providing products such as medicines, wildlife, wood and other products that can improve living standards today. The eastern drc region and the three kasai provinces kasai, kasaioriental, kasaicentral due to crime, civil unrest, armed. A country of paradoxes, it is a land rich in natural resources, but its people are among the poorest in the world. Congos economy is heavily dependent on the oil sector. The who country health profile of democratic republic of the congo provides key statistics and links to health topical databases, plus news, features and bulletin journal articles on the health issues. After gaining independence, the congo immediately struggled by massive economic, political, and social problems. The mining industry in congo is particularly corrupt and is one of the largest causes of poverty in congo. The sheer human toll of violence, displacement, disease, and seemingly endless extreme poverty seen over the last two decades in the democratic republic of congo drc is as shocking as anything we have seen in recent times. The congos forests are endangered by fires set to clean the land for agricultural purposes. Democratic republic of congo overview world bank group. Relations with republic of the congo united states.
Democratic republic of congo cdc center for global health. Although the country is vastly populated with an innumerable amount of resources, poverty in the democratic republic of the congo still defines the lives of children and adults. The world bank supports the following sectors in the republic of congo. The most common health problems are respiratory diseases, malaria, tuberculosis, and intestinal parasitesall preventable maladies. The republic of congo is a parliamentary republic with a population of 3. The democratic republic of the congo is a country located in central africa. Factbook countries democratic republic of the congo geography. In response to a request from the government of the democratic republic of the congo drc, in 2009 the united nations environment programme unep initiated a national, multithematic assessment of priority environmental issues facing the country. Major problems facing dr congo today africa and the.
The largest francophone country in africa, the democratic republic of congo drc, endowed with vast natural resources, has nearly 80. Since the development of the democratic republic of the congo commonly known as the drc or the dr congo the nation has been the center of what many historians refer to as africas world war. The two countries have worked together on issues of common interest such as strengthening regional security, improving the living standards of congolese citizens, and safeguarding the environment. Most authority and political power is vested in president denis sassounguesso, one of the longest serving leaders in africa after first coming to power over three decades ago. Technical issues and irregularities, including a delay in voting for more than a million people, marred the election itself and polling data indicates that a different. Congo s healthcare system is anemic, with hospitals often understaffed and underequipped. Voices concern for american held in republic of congo the naturalized citizen, marcel pika, moved back to his home country in 2007 and was detained in the wake of unrest after an. Republic of the congo capital at brazzaville britannica.
The most significant environmental problems in the congo are deforestation, increases in urban population, and the protection of its wildlife. The problems associated with democratic reform in the democratic republic of the congo drc are manifold. The following is an overview of the key results achieved in the implementation of world bank financed projects. South of its border with gabon, the country also has a 100mile. Republic of the congo republic of the congo health and welfare.
Civil wars and militia conflicts have plagued the republic of congo, which is sometimes referred to as congobrazzaville. In response to violence carried out by exiled rwandan hutu genocidaires, rwandan and ugandan forces invaded the democratic republic of congo. The state of democracy in the democratic republic of congo. Economic development the democratic republic of congo has some of the most fertile land in the world, but for decades the small farming communities surrounding lake kivu in eastern congo have endured cycles of violence and postconflict poverty. It is bordered by five countries, one of which is the democratic republic of congo situated to the east of congo brazzaville. In central and eastern congo, numerous armed groups, and in some cases government security. One year ago today, the democratic republic of the congo drc recorded the first case of ebola virus disease. Instability created by this universal conflict created three devastating. While the name of the country surely lends itself to an assumption of regime type, in actuality, this area has experienced great civil unrest. Poverty in the democratic republic of the congo the. The republic of the congo has become the fourthlargest oil producer in the gulf of guinea, providing the country with a degree of prosperity despite political and economic instability in some areas and unequal distribution of oil revenue nationwide. Social issues in the democratic republic of congo wikipedia. The congo, decolonization, and the cold war, 19601965.
The vast majority have actually died from nonviolent causes such as malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia and malnutritionall typically preventable in. For decades, one of the worlds deadliest, longestrunning crises has been unfolding in the democratic republic of congo. Learn about sources of continued violence in the democratic republic of congo and how the united nations, african union, and neighboring countries are struggling to curtail it. While the democratic republic of congo has the natural and human resources to thrive, it has the unenviable distinction of having the lowest gdp per capita in. Likambo e yebani, likambo e bimi libanda, e salaka moto pasi te congolese proverb translation. Their economic problems and government corruption required intervention from western nations over the past few decades. Decades of war, violence, and poverty have claimed the lives of over five million people. On july 14, 2019, the ministry of health of the democratic republic of the congo reported a confirmed case of ebola virus disease in the city of goma in the province of nordkivu. Other concerning problems include child malnutrition and outbreaks of. Measles kills 6,000 in democratic republic of congo, the worlds worst outbreak cnn measles has killed more than 6,000 people in the democratic republic of. Republic of the congo health and welfare britannica. The republic of the congo s economic freedom score is 41.1292 412 120 950 1305 482 813 1216 276 1299 894 1196 740 1142 1001 1488 141 1188 835 763 325 1301 841 408 329 960 579 113 839 1351 225 88 308 616 42 613 662 326 244 1253 379 614 619