The era of fixed medium term plan 19621985 witnessed four successful plans in nigeria. Aug 06, 2018 problems and prospect of local government administration in nigeria in nigeria, local government is the third tier of the administrative structure, following the federal and the state government. This research work is aimed at finding out the role of local government in achieving national development. Since 1999, we have succeeded in stabilizing the polity, consolidated the democratic governance structure. In 1950, the british system of local administration was introduced in the north through the endowment of native authority and law.
The pride of any government is the attainment of higher. Repositioning nigeria public administration for national development the challenge of national development and transformation makes it imperative for the machinery of government responsible for it, to be reengineered in order to meet up with the core demands of national developments. It was introduced the east in 1955 and west in 1957 with responsibility to serve as a means of rural development in nigeria. Therefore, the problem of governance, particularly at the local level, has been in. What is the role of business in national development. However, the researcher sourced his data through questionnaires, textbooks. Nigeria in the last fifty years has been battling with the problems of development in spite. Local government administration in nigeria has come of age, not so much because of its efficiency and effectiveness, but primarily because of its longevity and resilience of its relevance in the administration of the country akhakpe, fatile and igbokweibeto, 2012. Historical epochs of local government administration in. Omolaja, president, international college of management and technology, ayetoroyewa, nigeria jel. Nigeria summary nigeria is a federal republic with three tiers of government. So to speak, the local government is the closest structure to the people since it has to do with the grassroots. Introduction the pride of any government is the attainment of higher value level of development in such a way that its citizens would derive natural attachment to governance. Reflections on the national economic empowerment and development strategy needs 20032007 article pdf available may 2009 with 39,049 reads how we measure.
Local government internally generated revenue and administrative costs. The paper canvassed the need for synergy and collaborative approach to community development and reform initiatives anchored on theory to practice policy inclination. Local government administration in nigeria problems and. However, the researcher sourced his data through questionnaires, textbooks and government. In nigeria, several efforts have been made by various. A country is classified as developed when is able to provide qualitative life for her citizenry. The focus of this paper therefore is an examination of local government finance in. Local government and intergovernmental relations in. Development will be insignificant in such a political system if the government does not positively affect the life of the people of the grassroots or if development eludes the grassroots dwellers. A case study of emohua local government area of rivers state 20012012 akujuru, chukwunonye abovu b. The agenda for development planning was set in 2003 by a poverty reduction strategy paper. Nigeria national development plan 19621968 english abstract. Local government, grassroot mobilization, democratic representation, colonialism, federalism. Local government, challenges, nigeria, rural development, sustainability.
The term local government administration in nigeria has attracted serious attention both nationally and internationally since the great reform of 1976. Local authority a local authority, sometimes also referred to as a municipal authority, is a term that refers to a rural and urban political subdivision below the national. Nigeria has had a relatively long experience in development planning beginning with the colonial development plan 195868. H83,n47 abstract administration cannot be practiced in isolation of the culture of the society. Development is critical and essential to the sustenance and growth of any nation. Local government and the challenges of grassroots development in nigeria odo, l. Incidentally, it was this reform in question that opened the rural area to any meaningful development in terms of in. Jul 10, 2014 in 1950, the british system of local administration was introduced in the north through the endowment of native authority and law. The reason for the 3tiers of government is because nigeria practices a decentralized from of government whereby power is devolved from the center to governments at the state and local levels for effective governance and enhanced national development. Rural and grassroots development is the concern of every responsible and responsive government in any political system.
Local government administration in nigeria and community. The role of local government in rural development issues jide ibietan. In the 1979 constitution, the main tenets of the 1976 reform were incorporated. National development, development, nigeria, developing society, governance, development plan. Local government administration and the challenges of. Local government and rural development in nigeria project. Sources and utilization of local government finance in nigeria abstract local government is the third tier of government, it suppose to communicate directly wit the people through their representatives. Mediumterm development plans and national rolling plans were also developed and implemented with mixed results. The role of local government as an agent of rural development was redefined in 1960 s when the system was recognized as development. Revenue generation and local government administration in. Local government and good governance administration in nigeria. A study of selected local governments in kwara state, nigeria moshood olayinka salahu grassroots development has always been a highly prioritized issue on the agenda of almost every nation of the world.
Expulsion of illegal aliens from nigeria the action of shagari administration with respect to sudden expulsion of illegal aliens from nigeria, all in the name of national interest, was a behaviour that was quite inimical to national development. National development entails having functioning infrastructures which contributes positively. In 1999, most people grossly underestimated the extent of social, political, and economic decay of the country. The role of good governance and development administration in national development onichakwe, charles chimezie email. It argue that local government administration is confronted with issues and challenges such as federal and state governments interventions in constitutional responsibilities of local government. Abstract emerging trends point to good governance as a panacea towards. The second national development plan period19741980. Therefore, the problem of governance, particularly at the local level, has been in a doldrums in the political history of nigeria. Department of public administration ahmadu bello university, kongocampus, zaria kaduna state, nigeria.
Development planning in nigeria can be classified under three eras. In 2005, nigeria adopted the national policy on population for sustainable development 2004, the second such strategy in the nations history. The decision of the federal government of nigeria announced. Development strategy for nigeria moses akpobasah at a 2day nigeria meeting organized by the overseas development institute, london, 1617 june 2004 contact. Business can play many roles, both good and bad, in national development. Problems and prospect of local government administration in nigeria in nigeria, local government is the third tier of the administrative structure, following the federal and the state government. National development plans in nigeria development planning in nigeria can be classified under three eras. Politics and challenges of the 1999 constitution asaju, k. First national development plan 1962, the second national development plan 197074, third national development plan 197580, and fourth national development plan 198185. It is the view of the paper that in the absence of these three elements of good governance there will be no meaningful development in the local government administration. In nigerias sociopolitical context, with multiplicity of culture, diversity of languages and differentiated needs and means, the importance of such an organization.
Local governments in nigeria relevance and effectiveness. Historical epochs of local government administration in nigeria. Role of local government in national development public. The focus of this paper therefore is an examination of local government finance in nigeria using iwo local government as a case study. The federal military government has therefore decided to recognise local government as the third tier of government activity in the nation.
Rural development is concerned with the improvement and transformation of social, mental, economic, institutional and environmental conditions of the low income rural dwellers through the 3 the role of local government in rural development issues jide ibietan. Local government is a political subdivision of a national government, or in federal system, a subdivision of regional government in fact, local government administration is so intentioned with local government and rural development in nigeria that any discussion on one out of necessity involves the other. The characteristics of the federal government are, inter alia, the separateness and. Nigerias 2004 national policy on population for sustainable. Knowing the roles the government needs to play in development of any society and the obvious inability of the national and state governments in the task of rural areas, local government has been created essentially to compliment the efforts of the states and national government in the task of rural development. Public administration, government, national development. It is through an effective local government system that is obligations and duties to the people will be idealized. The role of nigeria local government in rural development.
National interest and national development in nigeria. Development strategies in nigeria the following are the various development strategies that has been adopted at one time or the other. At the level of the individual, it implies increased skill and capacity, greater freedom, creativity, self discipline, responsibility and. The national economic empowerment and development strategy needs is the response to the development challenges of nigeria. Although democratically elected local government is protected by the constitution, and development areas and autonomous communities are created by individual state legislation, elected local government is lacking in. Nigeria local government system has witnessed tremendous transformation since the introductions of the 1988 civil services reforms and its application at the local government administration one of the changes introduced to strengthen the local government is the direct payment of their statutory allocations which was increased from 20% to 25% in. Challenges of local government administration in nigeria. Local government and intergovernmental relations in nigerias. Development remains insignificant if it does not positively affect the lives of those in the periphery of decision making arrangement. Llaw senior lecturer head of public administration department. Using theoretical analytical method, the paper found that local government system in nigeria has been an unfortunate orphan under the state and federal government. Based on the 1976 reforms, local government became recognized as a tier of government entitled to a share of national revenue consequent on its constitutionally allocated functions imuetinyan, 2002.
Local government was therefore made to be the third tier of administration with some autonomy, which however still allows for interaction with the central and state governments. Jan 14, 2016 development planning in nigeria can be classified under three eras. Local government should do precisely what the word government implies, i. European journal of sustainable development 2012, 1, 2, 183198 issn. In the recent past, various strategies for development have also been tried with little or no result. U department of public administration, ibrahim bababgida university, lapainiger state dr.
Ethnicity, political leadership and national development in nigeria. International journal of development and economic sustainability vol. Local government administration in nigeria has come of age, not so much of because of its efficiency and effectiveness, but primarily because of its longevity and resilience of its relevance in the administration of the country igbokweibeto, 2003. At a 2day nigeria meeting organized by the overseas development institute, london, 1617 june 2004 contact. Understanding development development in human society is a manysided process. According to aiyede 2004, the reason for the adoption of the federal formula is often times attributed to pressures for larger political units, capable of fostering economic development and improved security, while at the same time providing for smaller political units that hold the expression of local distinctions. Local government administration in nigeria has come of age, not so much of because. The local government reforms of that year made some fundamental changes in the structure. There was a crucial need for a definition of the size of the resource gap resulting from expected capital expenditures less. Incidentally, it was this reform in question that opened the rural area to any meaningful development in terms of in put that could be garnered from the federation account. The role of local governments in rural development a case study of anaocha local government area of anambra state abstract this work was undertaken with a view to ascertaining the effort made so far in the area of rural development in nigeria with a focus on anaocha local government area of anambra state as a case study, which delved into the following areas.
Nigeria in the last fifty years has been battling with the problems of development in spite of huge human, material and natural resources in her possession. This assertion implies that the knowledge, attitude, societal norms and orientation which people hold. Local government as an agent of transformation in nation building. Journal of public administration and policy research vol. These are the era of fixed term planning 196285, the era of rolling plan 19901998, and the new democratic dispensation 1999 till date. Role of local government in national development abstract the topic of this study is the role of local government in national development a case study of aninri local government area of enugu state.
Local government in nigeria as an agent of transformation in nation building and local government as. Cameroon vision 2035 expresses the aspirations of cameroonians to be a united nation enjoying peace and security. The current financial predicament of local government councils and constant pressure for increase in allocation has been in the front burner of local governments administration in nigeria. This is because political participation in the development process has continued to elude the people at the grassroots.776 85 910 145 337 1202 1243 822 524 944 949 187 854 1173 472 764 1020 308 901 665 792 743 1010 903 676 1306 696 153 489 1292 376 1020 382 1140 809 335 45 1361 984 644 175 917 1362 119 830 28 629 997 93